Get-Date Cmdlet. Most Administrators want more than that!. How to end a process with PowerShell. SysKit Monitor has more than 60 predefined PowerShell scripts that are ready for immediate use, and they cover variety of use cases. PowerShell 3. To monitor a specific file or directory, set up a filter in Process Monitor as follows: Run procmon. How are we ever going to get a list of all the Swedes? The Database:. The image hasn't been suspended recently (since I looked at the REsource Monitor) so I can't say for sure this will resume. Introduction. In the Trigger condition, alert on Component. You can use this simple command to query CPU utilization of local/remote machine with PowerShell. Tools for automating IT processes can help by connecting individual tasks together and orchestrating them into a complete workflow. PRTG Network Monitor is a network monitoring tool that offers multiple possibilities to send notifications on important events, for example when a device or individual sensors are down, thresholds are breached, devices fail to respond in a timely matter, etc. In addition it will record the process GUID when it is created for better correlation since Windows may reuse a process PID. When any application running on your computer stops responding, you can make use of the PowerShell to quickly kill the process. Check/Monitor Website URL with Powershell This speeds up the web request process as it does not pull all the data from the web URL - only the header information. If you want to manipulate the output of get-process so that you can work with it (as opposed to having it display a long list of active processes on the monitor), you need to find another cmdlet. This should be fairly straight-forward. OpManager’s script monitoring supports Powershell, Linux shell script, VBScript, Perl & Python scripts out-of-the-box. It’s easy to monitor any process, service, or custom application with the monitoring tools in Server & Application Monitor. It was pretty easy to learn and some of the scripting is very similar to Perl. Monitoring should be done at specific time intervals. It will wait until the process finishes before it lets your script continue. Of course, given my ongoing interest in PowerShell, I decided to see if I could emulate some of CaptureBAT's file system monitoring functionality natively in a PS script. Mitigation: Unlock the account. Monitor a remote process with PowerShell. Learn how to create a PowerShell script to manually monitor a folder for new and updated files, and see how you can streamline the process with Netwrix Auditor. For more information on PowerShell, please visit the Microsoft web site. I just checked an they've changed their name to Pulseway- but its still essentially the same thing. Under Events to save, click to select the All events check box. Screenshots. In future tips we will show more SSAS options in PowerShell. This command will fetch any PowerShell processes running on the local computer and return any associated windows that are visible to the local user: C:\PS>Get-Process *powershell* | Get-Window. Solarwinds – “The WinRM client cannot process the request” by rakhesh is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4. exe, and then press ENTER to start Process Monitor. Invoke-Adversary is a PowerShell script that helps you to evaluate security products and monitoring solutions based on how well they detect advanced persistent threats. The Get-Process command puts this information at your fingertips. There is also command prompt and powershell available. will use it in nagios to monitor that process. Mentioned in my previous article on temporary events, WMI events are a very powerful and useful way to monitor for a wide variety of things with the only downside of those events being…. The approach I am going to use below relies on WMI event capabilities. So I created a Powershell script which is able to check the state of an application pool and count the number of web application using it. In my case, I have a number of Powershell scripts to run so I re-implemented David's solution in Powershell. I wanted a process to be always running, so why not make a PowerShell Process Monitor for that? The idea was to create a never ending script, to look for the process, and if it shutdown for what so ever reason, it should start it again. We use an “if else” statement to. You can create scripts with the language and output the results of those scripts as objects to other scripts. Powershell's Get-WMIObject is the appropriate cmdlet for this task, and it lets you feed in the WQL query directly as a parameter. What method can be used - preferably from a PowerShell script - to obtain an accurate measurement of a process' working set when the working set is greater than 4GB? (some side details can be found in this StackOverflow question). The objective is to root out any potentially suspicious process relationships, and we have two tests in Atomic Red Team that can help with this. I have written a script that adds this functionality to Process Monitor. Summary: Microsoft Scripting Guy, Ed Wilson, talks about using Windows PowerShell to monitor for process startup. It is an event based on the result of a script. To monitor a dynamic Windows process, use the following PowerShell (. Yet Another (Remote) Process Monitor. This command will fetch any PowerShell processes running on the local computer and return any associated windows that are visible to the local user: C:\PS>Get-Process *powershell* | Get-Window. To monitor systems there are a slew of tools available. On the basis of that, you can display the statistics. Searching Through Files for Matching Strings. How to Add Printers with Powershell. If it's not an executable file; it starts the program associated with the file. If you want to get rid of the. net FileSystemWatcher class to subscribe to 'create', 'change' and 'delete' events on files or folders in the NTFS filesystem. Get CPU Usage for a Process Using Get-Counter. Recently I discovered that some of my managed servers has a memory leak. Learn why the PowerShell Gallery is the most used resource for sharing and acquiring PowerShell code. The Get-Process command will give you CPU time and program start time, but will not tell you when the CPU was being used by the process. Keep in mind pretty much all of these tools and techniques here assume you have appropriate permissions on the remote computer. Launch and monitor external programs from. Get-Date Cmdlet. How to automate Windows with PowerShell. It's impossible to quantify the impact this project has had on our community and the tech that we work with. Students should have a foundational knowledge of Windows PowerShell, which they can obtain by taking course 10961: Automating Administration with Windows PowerShell. Bonus: Use Stop-Process to stop processes that are frozen or is no longer responding. Related Links. Introduction PowerShell version 1 provided good integration with WMI using the Get-WmiObject cmdlet, allowing you to easily retrieve and modify WMI instances, and call WMI methods, but PowerShell v2 has taken it, and many other things, a lot farther. For some reason, however, the Scripting Editor would never let us do that, either. One thing I repeatedly find myself doing is wanting to run (or not run) a specific piece of code until a program or service has terminated. Analyze-ProcmonLog simplifies the analysis of Process Monitor XML log file, and gives you a summary report for high fidelity events extracted from the log. https://forums. The WinRM client cannot process the. PowerShell Active Monitor fails. But PowerShell is here to stay. Here are five real-world ways to put PowerShell through its paces. We create parameters by setting up a parameter block at the top of the script, followed by one or more individual parameters. We’re gonna make a monitor, so launch SCOM, and go to Authoring->Management Pack Objects, Monitors. This applies to both local and remote processes. When monitoring process termination, you can specify process name or process ID. You'd think that the two alternatives would be using a third-party tool or hacking a PowerShell script. However, using some of the built-in tooling for administration using PowerShell it's actually quite easy to configure IIS and even set up a new site and application pool with a few short scripts that are much quicker, and more repeatable than using the various Windows UI features. This is common practice for system administrators. Extract the zip file contents to a folder of your choice. It’s often easier to getting things done if you have a more generic way of doing something. Keep in mind pretty much all of these tools and techniques here assume you have appropriate permissions on the remote computer. How to make a two-state monitor in PowerShell. If you're not sure what process is holding you up, use Get-Process to quickly identify the problematic process. Monitoring your infrastructure is an extremely important aspect of managing your systems. Also you can omit the ‘get’ in Get-Process, this is because ‘get’ is the default verb and PowerShell intelligently adds ‘Get-‘ to process. Monitor for loading and/or execution of artifacts associated with PowerShell specific assemblies, such as System. The purpose of this page is two-fold; firstly, to provide 'how to' examples for scripting Windows processes. vbs - Monitor processes and process memory usage using ActiveXperts Network Monitor. NET support. will use it in nagios to monitor that process. Welcome › Forums › General PowerShell Q&A › PowerShell script to find the process CPU usage & send alert. This process can be tedious if you need to run a command against many computers. Microsoft Scripting Guy, Ed Wilson, is here. The first filter we’ll apply is the overall event type filter. gwmi is the PowerShell alias for Get-WmiObject. Today David will quickly walk you through Process Monitor, or known as "procmon. It's designed to manage vSphere. For the scope of this example, we will show you how you can use PowerShell to monitor the CPU usage for these w3wp processes on a given server. Getting the CPU time and status of threads in a process with PowerShell 09/25/2015 | 5 minute read. If services go down, IT needs to find this out as soon as possible so they can begin the process of bringing them back up. Sending Email (with Gmail example). I found good script which shows what is value of cpu Load for specific process. I'm going to read this as "given a Windows host, how do you determine what scheduled tasks are enabled and whether they are failing or succeeding?". Under Events to save, click to select the All events check box. This morning, I spent a decent amount of time answering an email from a former colleague. The PowerShell Start-Process cmdlet opens an executable file — such as a script file. For this example, you want to include Notepad. Tested with OpenNMS 1. Monitoring your infrastructure is an extremely important aspect of managing your systems. Related Links. Could you please add my website to your ad-blocker whitelist ? I spend personal time and money to provide the content of this website. The Windows Updates Status (PowerShell) sensor uses PowerShell commands. You can view the current connections and processes that running on a sql server instance in two ways Using Activity Monitor Using T-SQL statements Monitoring Process in Activity Monitor To open the Activity Monitor in SQL Server Management Studio Right click the server then select the Activity Monitor option as shown below Activity Monitor. -Process: ForEach-Object Selecting Parts of Objects Select Object | Microsoft Docs DateTime Constructor (Int32, Int32, Int32) (System) Get-Hotfix cmdlet will not return dates Get Hotfixes on Server 2008 Powershell – Super User. You can use the excellent Sysinternals tools PSEXEC, provided by Microsoft or you can use PowerShell 2. IIS lets you view all worker processes of a server when you double click the Worker Process tile in IIS manager (inetmgr. exe -Action Include) ` | Write-ProcmonFiltersToRegistry. The entire workflow may be hung up just because one of the scripts is hung on some task. I wanted a process to be always running, so why not make a PowerShell Process Monitor for that? The idea was to create a never ending script, to look for the process, and if it shutdown for what so ever reason, it should start it again. This is really useful for troubleshooting issues. Unfortunately these filters can only be created through the Process Monitor GUI, which poses a hurdle to automation. The second thing that Start-Process does is ensure that your parameters are processed correctly. 3 ways to measure your Powershell script's speed - select the contributor at the end of the page - As an efficiency freak, I’ve been known to time scripts down to the millisecond, compare another method and then use the method that’s just a hair faster. Build Your Own Resource Monitor in a Jiffy It's great to be able to monitor a counter or any other changing metric while engaged in development work. How to automate Windows with PowerShell. PowerShell is a scripting language that comes with many versions of Windows. * Network connection from the host to another. I have written a script that adds this functionality to Process Monitor. ps1 to create and configure a cloud Search service application (cloud SSA) on a SharePoint Server 2013 or SharePoint Server 2016 server. The scripting language is an ideal candidate both for local and remote machines because it is familiar with a variety of interfaces in different Windows subsystems. Monitor Processes With Windows PowerShell Maybe you have already come across applications that require you to rearrange things on your desktop for optimal visibility or which you only use in combination with other programs or items - an automated startup or rearrangement would come handy in those situation. It can be used in ActiveXperts Network Monitor for monitoring servers, workstations, devices, applications, databases and more. Terminate a process by its ID; Terminate a process by its name; Terminate a process by its ID. Bonus: Use Stop-Process to stop processes that are frozen or is no longer responding. Process Monitor is a comprehensive tool which is dedicated for Windows operating system and its main function is to display real-time registry/process activity and file system. Monitor Enterprise Command Line Activity Event ID 4688 Windows 7/2008R2 & KB3004375: Log process & child process Enable PowerShell module logging. This applies to both local and remote processes. and your services on a local or on a remote machine. As each IIS application pool has one w3wp. Requirement: There are bunch of document libraries with several documents loaded on various site collections. NET and tinker around with the Process class. This process can be tedious if you need to run a command against many computers. Get-Process is the the main cmdlet will pull the required data. This makes Au3 a handicapped scripting environment for administrators to work with. PowerShell is a great tool to automate tasks. Getting started. See Manage Office 365 with PowerShell. It can be used to monitor a folder or folders, and can be modified to perform any action upon the triggering of these events. This post was drafted all those 2 years ago, and I find that I needed to remind myself how to monitor process starts for use in a new project. What method can be used - preferably from a PowerShell script - to obtain an accurate measurement of a process' working set when the working set is greater than 4GB? (some side details can be found in this StackOverflow question). Close the command prompt. For more information on PowerShell, please visit the Microsoft web site. ps1 and saved it in c:\temp folder location Open powershell (run as administrator), change directory path to the location where ps1, script is stored. exe in the (Include) Filters. This release improves the management of alert rules by providing cmdlets to create, update, delete and list new metric alerts. It is a program so you can monitor programs and see what they are doing behind the scenes. If you want to monitor the local machine, use 'local connection'. Process class Launch and monitor external programs from. Recently I discovered that some of my managed servers has a memory leak. Windows Resource Monitor shows me the. The Get-Process cmdlet is easy enough to use and the results include a CPU property. It’s easy to monitor any process, service, or custom application with the monitoring tools in Server & Application Monitor. Bonus: Use Stop-Process to stop processes that are frozen or is no longer responding. There are a lot of interactive tools out there (Sysintern. How It Works. This article outlines how to automate some of the tasks for daily monitoring. PRTG Manual: Exchange Backup (PowerShell) Sensor. The Get-Process command will give you CPU time and program start time, but will not tell you when the CPU was being used by the process. The scripting language is an ideal candidate both for local and remote machines because it is familiar with a variety of interfaces in different Windows subsystems. PowerShell. One feature of a group is the ability to set a post command after all the jobs in this group are done (regardless of the result). PowerShell is a configuration management and task automation framework from Microsoft. It is possible use Remote Desktop (RDP/MSTSC) to log onto the desktop of the computer, but this is slow and not easily automated. Some of our customers websites may depend on certain services, which may be hard to monitor externally. Bypassing Amsi using PowerShell 5 DLL Hijacking By Cornelis de Plaa – May 2016 While doing some research on the inner workings of Microsofts new Antimalware Scan Interface technology within Windows 10, i found a DLL loading vulnerabilty within PowerShell 5. Monitoring individual process with the Process Monitoring Management Pack Template - this template can be used to monitor a specific process and can alert based upon high memory or processor utilization. Log into the target device with the credentials assigned to the device in WhatsUp Gold. If you own the book already, login here to get free, online, searchable access to the entire book's content. Of course, given my ongoing interest in PowerShell, I decided to see if I could emulate some of CaptureBAT's file system monitoring functionality natively in a PS script. Review the capture logs for registry modification. Adding and editing a PowerShell active monitor. Topics for The PowerShell Get-Process Cmdlet. There is no direct command to grab status information of the Golden Gate replication. I still had some issues with my script, I was expecting to parse everything as a text file, but some inputs were objects. I prefer PowerShell above VBScript, so I created some PowerShell performance collection rules and PowerShell monitors. Table of contents. How to automate Windows with PowerShell. If we want to display the associated process identifier (PID) of each process we add the -o parameter. It provides a consistent framework for managing computers across a network. Monitor Active Directory replication via PowerShell Most enterprises rely on Active Directory to control access to resources on the network. exe Immediately press the magnifying glass toolbar button or disable "Capture Events" from the File menu (Ctrl-E) Press the "Clear" toolbar button or "Clear Display" from the Edit menu (Ctrl-X). How are we ever going to get a list of all the Swedes? The Database:. Process Monitoring In case you want to be alerted if a certain process has been started, in our example notepad. net FileSystemWatcher class to subscribe to 'create', 'change' and 'delete' events on files or folders in the NTFS filesystem. Posted 5 months ago. Below is an example command to kill a process using name of the application or image file. Unfortunately, the owner is not available. ProcMon (Process Monitor) – Command Line parameters. 0's support for WinRM. Upload-AzMonitorLog - Upload the result of every PowerShell command to Azure Monitor Logs as custom log using Azure Monitor Data Collector API. Switch again to the Process Monitor window, then press Ctrl-E (or click the magnifying glass icon. Offering full access to COM …. Keep in mind pretty much all of these tools and techniques here assume you have appropriate permissions on the remote computer. Introduction PowerShell Get-Process. ProcessModule), not a process object. Application settings: this can be edited inside the main application script or using external script. ) and -FilePath, -ArgumentList, and -wait specify the arguments to the Start-Process call. I just checked an they've changed their name to Pulseway- but its still essentially the same thing. For example, if you use a FileSystemWatcher component to monitor the creation of new files in a directory, and then test it by using Notepad to create a file, you may see two Created events generated even though only a single file was created. Luckily, Abhishek has posted a blog entry concerning that very problem a couple of weeks ago as "Getting Services associated with a Process via PowerShell" on May 18, 2006. Hi Umeed4u, In addition, To monitor process status, and wait for the termination of the process, you can use the method WaitForExit(), please check this script: Monitor Processes With Windows PowerShell:. Windows Internals Book The official updates and errata page for the definitive book on Windows internals, by Mark Russinovich and David Solomon. You can also get the WIndow to persist if you spawn your process in a CMD window. The moment an event arrives (either creation or deletion), the monitor will simply return the event and. In this tutorial we learned how to start PowerShell, how to show component properties, how to process a partition and finally how to backup a database. When that is done, execute the powershell script using an elevated PowerShell prompt. Start-Process will most likely apply to nearly all of the times you need to execute external processes in PowerShell. After a research, I found a way to get information about the monitor and how to specify the position for an exe. Where to Start with PowerShell. Repeat the “get-process” command at the Windows PowerShell “>” prompt to retrieve an updated list of running processes and create a second file. The WinRM client cannot process the. If you know the process ID you want to kill, you can use it in the Stop-Process cmdlet. How to Add Printers with Powershell. A heavy amount of Powershell scripting is involved within the role in order to automate repeatable processes. Microsoft Windows is an operating system. You can use Amazon CloudWatch to collect metrics and logs from the operating systems for your EC2 instances. In this article, I will explain the performance monitoring of any instance. This article outlines how to automate some of the tasks for daily monitoring. ## ### Overview. Next Steps. I was inspired to write this script after seeing APTSimulator excellent tool from Florian Roth. Process Monitoring In case you want to be alerted if a certain process has been started, in our example notepad. Explore key steps for implementing a successful cloud-scale monitoring strategy. For more information on PowerShell, please visit the Microsoft web site. Related Links. How to automate Windows with PowerShell. Each individual check has a static number of configuration items. Monitoring Memory and Disk Metrics for Amazon EC2 Linux Instances. PowerShell is a task automation and configuration management framework from Microsoft, consisting of a command-line shell and associated scripting language. The only thing you need to do is to download the POSH script, edit the URL so it points to your MDT server. Circular tracing (or circular logging) works by overwriting old events with new events and keeps the logfile on a given size. 4 thoughts on " Monitoring with PowerShell: Monitoring Dell device updates " Mike Huber September 14, 2019 at 7:09 pm. To filter the result we need to pipe to the Find utility and again, the result is text!. Of course, given my ongoing interest in PowerShell, I decided to see if I could emulate some of CaptureBAT's file system monitoring functionality natively in a PS script. Sending Email (with Gmail example). exe files then get the file locations and pass it to the VirusTotal API to get a virus report. Like manage-bde, Windows PowerShell includes the advantage of being able to check the status of a volume on a remote computer. Process Explorer can be used to investigate a running process from handles to dlls loaded. A PowerShell Script to monitor enterprise wide disk space usage The folks who are responsible for administering thousands of Windows Servers all know that monitoring disk space is crucial for application performance. Edited by Kazun Friday, November 18, 2011 5:56 AM Marked as answer by Tiger Li Microsoft employee Tuesday, November 22, 2011 11:44 AM. I learned Powershell over the past few days. The main disadvantage is that there is no way to create custom monitoring logic, and limited to available wizards. WMI (Windows Management Instrumentation) is a technology built in to Windows since Windows 2000, that provides standard interface to manage windows systems. If we want to display the associated process identifier (PID) of each process we add the -o parameter. Are you looking for an Office 365 administration tool to automate repetitive tasks? Or perhaps you are looking to access additional capabilities that aren't available in the Microsoft 365 admin center? Then PowerShell for Office 365 is for you. One feature of a group is the ability to set a post command after all the jobs in this group are done (regardless of the result). To monitor systems there are a slew of tools available. Repeat the “get-process” command at the Windows PowerShell “>” prompt to retrieve an updated list of running processes and create a second file. Net method(no need powershell on the remote machine). This article applies to PRTG Network Monitor 16 or later. Using PowerShell's Get-Process Cmdlet. Process Monitor tool gets around shortcomings of Microsoft Windows The Windows operating system does not provide a troubleshooting tool that allows you to clean up a system infected with malware, see how your files have changed or monitor registry processes and threads. There are two main reasons you might want to do this. When monitoring process termination, you can specify process name or process ID. ] I decided to look at the process counter for PowerShell_Ise, which is the script editor for PowerShell, and wanted to monitor it over. Today, I'd like to teach you how to manage processes with the PowerShell cmdlet Get-Process. Then create a new Process Active Monitor (WMI). 0 PowerShell 4. The Get-Process cmdlet gets the processes on a local computer. The Monitor subnodes node determines what Splunk Enterprise adds to the inputs. Process class Launch and monitor external programs from. Table of contents. What is the correct way of determining if a process is running, for example FireFox, and stopping it? How to Correctly Check if a Process is running and Stop it. The moment an event arrives (either creation or deletion), the monitor will simply return the event and. How To Get Detailed Information on Your Server's Processes with PowerShell. Powershell FileSystemWatch er This script uses the. Generally, you terminate a process by its name. Luckily, Abhishek has posted a blog entry concerning that very problem a couple of weeks ago as "Getting Services associated with a Process via PowerShell" on May 18, 2006. Screenshots. Creating Chart Reports using Powershell Chart controls As system admins, we are used to digging through heaps of searching, selecting, sorting, filtering, until we got what we were looking for. If you start Perfmon and search for the Process object, you see all the processes instances running at this moment, here I started notepad. I prefer PowerShell above VBScript, so I created some PowerShell performance collection rules and PowerShell monitors. I have used Get-Process Command of powershell. To download Process. Configure a monitor in SCOM using Powershell script. This class was introduced in Windows Vista, so this function will not work against XP systems. ) and -FilePath, -ArgumentList, and -wait specify the arguments to the Start-Process call. I really enjoy using powershell to automate processes. NET objects so as to be able to respond when an event actually happens. One of the most common request I receive is a request to write PowerShell to go fetch information based on a specific set of criteria and exporting that data to CSV or some other file format. It is a better approach to think, which data you want to send to Azure Log Analytics, so that there will be no need to purge at all. exe Immediately press the magnifying glass toolbar button or disable "Capture Events" from the File menu (Ctrl-E) Press the "Clear" toolbar button or "Clear Display" from the Edit menu (Ctrl-X). In the present example we want to discover other members of the process family. Prevent desktop lock or screensaver with PowerShell Run PowerShell on Mac OS X PowerShell script in a. When you use this parameter, Get-Process returns a ProcessModule object (System. Whenever this happens, you can use Get-Process to retrieve the name of the process experiencing difficulties and then stop it with the Stop-Process command. Powershell FileSystemWatch er This script uses the. I wanted a process to be always running, so why not make a PowerShell Process Monitor for that? The idea was to create a never ending script, to look for the process, and if it shutdown for what so ever reason, it should start it again. Debugging Scripts. Write scripts to automate tasks and monitor environmental health. Parameter Filters: The Process monitor. Reproduce the issue. Below is an example command to kill a process using name of the application or image file. The review for Process Monitor has not been completed yet, but it was tested by an editor here on a PC and a list of features has been compiled; see below. Enjoy… Get-Counter -ComputerName “RemotePC” ‘\Processor(*)\% Processor Time’ -Continuous -SampleInterval 5 This queries remote computer CPU usage for every 5 seconds cont. exe is the executable file associated with PowerShell and does not pose any threat to user PCs. The Get-Process command puts this information at your fingertips. Windows Setup. Context Object Credential Properties. The process is still running and providing other functions but it is no longer processing the inbound messages. Executing msiexec directly starts the installer but returns control back to the Powershell Script. Also you can find the messagebox or popup watcher. Related Links. Once you have the name or process ID, use Stop-Process to terminate it. In this tutorial we learned how to start PowerShell, how to show component properties, how to process a partition and finally how to backup a database. IIS lets you view all worker processes of a server when you double click the Worker Process tile in IIS manager (inetmgr. Like MS Exchange / SharePoint / Active Directory / MS SQL / etc. Process can be blocked by its name (with wildcard support in paths and names), as well by its CRC32. If you want to get rid of the. Parameter Filters: The Process monitor. Configure a monitor in SCOM using Powershell script. But in this case the process would not end on its own, as the telnet server would prompt for username and password. By default, if -computerName if not provided, a local process monitor will be started. In PowerShell we can get the same information with the following command, however the process PID is missing and the connections in LISTENING state are. For this example, you want to include Notepad. Console Window Tips. August 24, 2011 [email protected] You can monitor network statistics easily enough, but they don’t make it very easy to do via process name. PowerShell: Top x Processes using CPU Technology; This is a quick and handy one for server monitoring, and tracking down that process that is using all your CPU. The scripting language is an ideal candidate both for local and remote machines because it is familiar with a variety of interfaces in different Windows subsystems.